The goal of this certificate is to prepare students to work as professional translators able to translate general, specialized, and literary texts from English to Spanish and vice-versa. The Certificate Program is open to all students with an intermediate- to high-level of proficiency in Spanish. Students must successfully complete the five required courses with an overall average grade of B- (2.7) or better. Topics to be covered by coursework in the Certificate Program include translation theory, translation techniques and strategies, information literacy, and translation of general, specialized, and literary texts. Courses can be taken in any order with the exception of SPAN 420 and SPAN 450, both of which require SPAN 320 as a prerequisite.